When the prostate enlarges, certain functions of the body can be affected. Prostate cancer can also be a reason. Therefore, if you have problems, you should consult a doctor as early as possible.
Where is the prostate located?
The prostate is one of the internal male sex organs. If this is normal, it is about the size of a chestnut and weighs 20-30 grams.
The prostate lies just below the bladder and encloses the first part of the urethra. It extends down to the pelvic floor, which forms the outer sphincter muscle of the urethra.
The rectum is located directly behind the prostate and in front of it is the lower part of the pubic bone, to which it is firmly connected.
How can the prostate become diseased?
The prostate can become diseased in a number of ways: There are benign enlargements, but also inflammation and malignant degeneration. The latter in particular are common in older men because they are only recognized very late.
The peripheral part of the prostate is particularly affected. Benign enlargement usually occurs near the urethra.
Hormonal influence causes the prostate to enlarge, which can impede the flow of urine. The prostate can also become inflamed by urinary tract infections or bacteria.
What are the symptoms?
Prostate disease primarily affects urination. Difficulties arise, the bladder cannot be emptied completely or there is an increased urge to urinate.
In addition, urine can back up in the kidneys, leading to further complications. Burning when urinating is also a classic symptom.
Likewise are sexual complaints such as a feeling of pressure in the pelvic area and non-specific back pain Symptoms that indicate a disease of the prostate.
This way you can check for yourself whether your prostate is healthy
There are various criteria that speak for a disease of the prostate. You can check the following factors yourself:
- The bladder does not feel completely empty after urinating
- You have to urinate several times within 2 hours
- You must stop and start urinating again
- When you have a strong urge to urinate, it is difficult to hold your urine
- The stream when urinating is very weak
- There are difficulties in starting urination
- You have to go to the toilet frequently at night
- After going to the toilet, urine drips out of the urethra
- Urinating takes an unusually long time
If you meet some criteria, you are at risk for an enlarged prostate or other prostate diseases. You should have this clarified by a doctor, who can get to the bottom of the causes. A general check-up is recommended for men over the age of 45. Many inflammations or non-specific problems are often only discovered during a comprehensive examination.
When to see the doctor
In addition to the criteria already mentioned, there are other problems for which the opinion of a doctor should be obtained. These include discoloration or blood in the urine and problems with sexual intercourse.
Conspicuously discolored urine, blood or discolored semen are always a warning signal for various diseases and indicate an inflammation or infection of the prostate. But a tumor can also be the trigger. If the prostate changes, this is also noticeable during sexual intercourse, in the form of erectile dysfunction or pain.
Prostate cancer is also one of the most common cancers in men, with around 60,000 men suffering from it every year. The earlier this is detected, the better, which is why preventive medical check-ups are explicitly recommended, even if there are no symptoms. If other family members are affected, you should have regular check-ups before you turn 45.